NASA says that in the year 2025, we will reach the peak of the 11-year solar cycle of the Sun, also known as the Solar Maximum. Because of this, the chances of coronal mass ejection (CME) and solar flares will increase greatly. According to experts, a new solar cycle begins every 11 years. During this period the Sun changes from a quiet ball of fire to an active and stormy sphere and then becomes calm. During this, coronal mass ejections and solar flares are emitted from the Sun towards the Earth. Because of this, geomagnetic storms occur on Earth and satellites and the power grid on Earth can be affected.
What is CME
CMEs are large clouds of solar plasma. After a solar explosion, these clouds spread into the Sun’s magnetic field in space. Due to their rotation in space, they expand and often they reach a distance of several lakh miles. Sometimes they collide with the magnetic field of the planets. When their direction is towards the Earth, they can cause geomagnetic disturbances. Due to these, there can be short circuit in satellites and power grid can be affected. If their effect is high, they can also put the astronauts in Earth’s orbit at risk.
At the same time, when the Sun’s magnetic energy is released, solar flares are formed from the light and particles emitted from it. These flares are the most powerful explosions ever in our solar system, releasing energy comparable to billions of hydrogen bombs.
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